Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of its territory of 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi) lies within the Nile Valley of North Africa and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
With over 86 million inhabitants, Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, and the 15th-most populated in the world. The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large regions of the Sahara Desert, which constitute most of Egypt’s territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt’s residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Although the incidence of poverty is decreasing overall in Egypt, the number of poor people continues to increase as the population grows. Egypt has about 10.7 million poor people, and 70 per cent of them live in rural areas. Most of the country’s rural poor people live in the north, in Upper Egypt, where there are higher rates of illiteracy and infant mortality, poorer access to safe water and sanitation, and larger numbers of underweight children. Women in general and particularly the women who head 20 per cent of all households, are particularly disadvantaged. About 80 per cent of girls are taken out of school before the age of ten to do farm work.
One of the greatest constraints hindering agricultural growth and self-sufficiency is availability of irrigated land in a country that receives hardly any rainfall. With almost 97 per cent of the population confined to the Nile Valley and Delta and their desert fringes, Egyptians have long been concerned with increasing cropped acreage and reclaiming land for agriculture.
Rural poor people typically include:
- tenant farmers and small-scale farmers
- landless labourers
- unemployed youth
The incidence of poverty and extreme poverty in the country is highest in Upper Egypt . According to the World Bank (2004) the incidence of poverty in Upper Egypt was 34 per cent in 1999/2000, compared to about 11 per cent in rural Lower Egypt.
Almost two thirds of the people in Upper Egypt are poor. They depend on agriculture for their livelihood, and agriculture in this area does not provide them with sufficient food security and income. Farmers in this part of the country have very small landholdings, compared to those in Lower Egypt. They cultivate crops that have a low market value and generate limited income. They are unable to finance the higher costs and greater risks of growing non-traditional crops. Small farmers, microenterprises and rural women do not have access to a microfinance system that responds to their needs. Alternative employment opportunities are lacking because of the limited development of small enterprises and microenterprises. Local markets are underdeveloped and marketing infrastructure, such as transport, storage and grading facilities, is poor. Producers’ associations are not well organized.
The Operation Boost program in Egypt will be a close cooperation with several local organizations, companies & families. The Operation Boost Program will help the poor to find a decent way back to the society as an independent entrepreneur in the ECO business.
In Egypt Operation Boost will orientatie op several eco ideas. One of the ideas is a Holiday Eco Lodge Park with Round Bottle Lodges where unemployed youngsters can learn a job and earn a living by running the whole project. We are orientating on some eco ideas for the youngsters like making pavement bricks form recylced plastic or making fuel briquettes from waste. Do you want to know more about this ideas?
Link: Construction Manual Press & Briquettes
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Operation Boost Franchise Partner(s) Egypt
– Awad Louis Phd
– Development & Business Manager
– Dafaa Lel Amam Egypt
– E-mail: email@example.com
– John Tamerus
– Development & Business Manager
– Operation Boost International / Dafaa Lel Amam Egypt
– E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org